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Toronto - Head Office
5653 McAdam Road
Mississauga, Ontario
Canada L4Z 1N9
Tel: 905.568.4400
Fax: 905.568.4441
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23799 - 110B Avenue
Maple Ridge, BC
V2W 1E6
Tel: 877.468.0101
Fax: 604.463.3289
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Hot Freight
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Glossary



Welcome to the Hot Freight online shipper's glossary. To learn more about a freight, shipping or trucking term, click on one of the links below.

Shipper's Resources heavy haul services Southern Ontario News heavy haul services Southern Ontario FAQs heavy haul services Southern Ontario Glossary freight shipping companies Useful Forms heavy haul services Southern Ontario Links

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Customs

     Hot Freight Border Clearance
     Hot Freight NAFTA
     Hot Freight PAPS
     Hot Freight PARS
     Hot Freight SCAC (Standard Carrier Alpha Code)

Trucking

     Hot Freight Air Ride Van
     Hot Freight Bill of Lading
     Hot Freight Blanket Wrapping
     Hot Freight C.O.D.
     Hot Freight Collect
     Hot Freight Curtain Side
     Hot Freight Destination
     Hot Freight Dunnage
     Hot Freight F.O.B. (Freight On Board)
     Hot Freight Fifth wheel
     Hot Freight Flatbed
     Hot Freight Kingpin
     Hot Freight Kingpin Lock
     Hot Freight Load Bars
     Hot Freight Logistics Van
     Hot Freight LTL
     Hot Freight Lumper
     Hot Freight Origin
     Hot Freight Prepaid
     Hot Freight Prepaid & Charge
     Hot Freight Sleeper
     Hot Freight Speed Limiter
     Hot Freight Straight Truck
     Hot Freight Third Party Billed
     Hot Freight Third Party Logistics (3PL)
     Hot Freight TL
     Hot Freight Tractor
     Hot Freight Van

Warehousing

     Hot Freight In Fee
     Hot Freight Out Fee


Customs

     Term: Border Clearance
  Definition: The practice of clearing freight through either U.S. Customs or Canada Customs at the border instead of at an inland customs facility.
   
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     Term: NAFTA
  Definition: An acronym for North American Free Trade Agreement. NAFTA is a trilateral trade agreement between Canada, United States and Mexico to allow the free movement of goods within the North American marketplace.
   
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     Term: PAPS
  Definition: Acronym for Pre-Arrival Processing System. This is a process devised and run by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Carriers in Canada must fax ahead or electronically transfer a shippers customs entry for review by U.S. Customs in advance of the freight arriving at the port of entry (U.S. - Canadian border point).
   
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     Term: PARS
  Definition: Acronym for Pre-Arrival Review System that refers to the initiative by Canada Customs to speed up the entry process at the border for shipments inbound to Canada. A customs entry is assigned a bar-coded control number at the time of pick-up and faxed to the border in advance of the truck arriving. This gives Canada Customs personnel the opportunity to review the entry while the freight is actually in transit.
   
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     Term: SCAC (Standard Carrier Alpha Code)
  Definition: This is an acronym for Standard Carrier Alpha Code.  The SCAC is issued to carriers and freight forwarders/brokers operating in North America by the NMFTA in Alexandria, VA.  Every carrier and freight forwarder/broker must hold a valid Certificate of Standard Carrier Alpha Code  Assignment.  All SCAC identifiers are 4 letters.   Hot Freight's SCAC is HFIA.
   
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Trucking

     Term: Air Ride Van
  Definition: A trailer that has pneumatic cushioning for suspension rather than conventional spring suspension.
   
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     Term: Bill of Lading
  Definition: The legal document that sets out the details of a shipment such as consignor, consignee, pieces, weight, product description, collect, prepaid, declared value and any particular service requirements. The bill of lading is signed by the shipper and the driver picking up the freight.
   
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     Term: Blanket Wrapping
  Definition: The practice of using protective blankets to wrap freight to prevent damage during transit.
   
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     Term: C.O.D.
  Definition: Acronym for "cash on delivery". The shipper instructs the carrier to collect cash or a certified cheque for the invoice value of the goods shipped to the consignee. Usually done when the consignee does not have credit standing with the shipper.
   
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     Term: Collect
  Definition: The term referring to the fact that freight charges for a shipment are paid by the receiver or consignee.
   
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     Term: Curtain Side
  Definition: A trailer with roof and canvas sides that can be pulled back for ease of loading or unloading.
   
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     Term: Destination
  Definition: The place where a shipment is delivered. Also referred to as the receiver or consignee.
   
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     Term: Dunnage
  Definition: Plywood placed in between or on top of freight when stacking to prevent damage during transit.
   
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     Term: F.O.B. (Freight On Board)
  Definition: A term indicating that a price quote includes loading a product on a railroad car, truck, aircraft or some other transport vehicle and transporting it to a designated location. Further transportation from the designated location is not included.
   
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     Term: Fifth wheel
  Definition: A fifth wheel is the device a truck tractor to which the kingpin on trailer is inserted to provide a solid yet flexible link between the two pieces of equipment.  To see a picture of a fifth wheel, click on this link:  http://www.etrucker.com/apps/news/article.asp?id=52029
   
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     Term: Flatbed
  Definition: A trailer without sides or a roof. A flat bed is used to move larger pieces of freight that must be loaded or unloaded with a crane.
   
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     Term: Kingpin
  Definition:

A kingpin is the anchor pin at the underneath center of a trailer which is captured by the locking jaws of a tractor's fifth wheel to attach the tractor (truck) to the trailer.  Click on this link to see a diagram of kingpin:  http://www.tpub.com/content/engine/14081/css/14081_172.htm


   
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     Term: Kingpin Lock
  Definition:

A Kingpin Lock is a sleeve that is placed over a trailer's Kingpin and then secured.  A Kingpin Lock is used by truckers and shippers to prevent the theft of a trailer that is parked without a tractor.  Click on this link to see a picture of an installed Kingpin Lock:  http://www.truckinglocks.com/product/121-king-pin-lock-for-fifth-wheel-rv-s

   
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     Term: Load Bars
  Definition: Steel bars that snap into cleats on each side of a van interior. Load bars are used to secure freight and prevent movement or tipping while in transit.
   
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     Term: Logistics Van
  Definition: A trailer that is equipped with air-ride suspension and cleats for the installation of load bars and straps.
   
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     Term: LTL
  Definition: This is an acronym for "less-than-truckload". LTL describes the practice of co-loading smaller shipments with other smaller shipments going to the same destination or in the same route. In general and LTL shipment is less than 10,000 lbs.  Follow this link for a discussion and definition of LTL shipping:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Less_than_truckload_shipping
   
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     Term: Lumper
  Definition: Extra labour hired by a trucking company to assist a driver and/or customer unloading or loading a truck.
   
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     Term: Origin
  Definition: The place where a shipment is picked up. Also referred to as the shipper or consignor.
   
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     Term: Prepaid
  Definition: The term referring to the fact that freight charges for a shipment are paid by the shipper or consignor.
   
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     Term: Prepaid & Charge
  Definition: The term referring to the fact that freight charges for a shipment are paid by the shipper and charged back to the consignee by the shipper.
   
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     Term: Sleeper
  Definition: The living space behind the driver's seat in a tractor where driver's can sleep and relax when off duty.
   
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     Term: Speed Limiter
  Definition: A speed limiter is an electronic microchip that has been installed on virtually every new heavy truck engine built since the mid-1990’s and when set, acts as a “speed governor.” The activation of speed limiters has been mandated in the European Union for well over a decade.  Several jurisdictions in Canada, including Ontario and Quebec now have laws in place that require trucks to have speed limiters set at a maximum of 105 kilometers per hour (approx. 63 miles per hour).  The purpose of this law is to make highways safer and encourage fuel conservation.  For more information on the speed limiter regulations that became law for trucks in Ontario on Jan. 1, 2009 visit this website:   http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/trucks/trucklimits.shtml
   
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     Term: Straight Truck
  Definition: A van and tractor permanently attached together. The van section of the of the straight truck is typically 24 or 26 feet long and may be equipped with a hydraulic lift gate.
   
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     Term: Third Party Billed
  Definition: The freight charges are paid for by a third party rather than by the shipper or consignee.
   
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     Term: Third Party Logistics (3PL)
  Definition: For more information on third party logistics or 3PL, follow this link:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_party_logistics
   
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     Term: TL
  Definition: This is an acronym for "Truckload". TL refers to the practice of loading a single, usually large, shipment on a truck.
   
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     Term: Tractor
  Definition: The power unit (truck) used to pull a van, flatbed or other trailer conveyance.
   
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     Term: Van
  Definition: The enclosed 53 foot trailer that is hauled by a tractor.
   
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Warehousing

     Term: In Fee
  Definition: This is the charge associated with receiving freight into a warehouse. This fee covers the costs of labour, forklift handling and storage of the freight. Typically, the In Fee is charged on a per pallet basis.
   
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     Term: Out Fee
  Definition: This is the charge associated with moving freight out of a warehouse. This fee covers the costs of labour, forklift handling and retrieving the freight from inventory. Typically, the Out Fee is charged on a per pallet basis.
   
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